Many types of stress can occur. Almost any type of stress that is left unchecked can have a negative impact on physical and emotional health. However, there are also positive types of stress.
Everyone can experience stress due to various things. Stress can have a negative impact on a person’s physical and mental health. It is important for you to recognize the types of stress that may occur and how to deal with them properly.
What is stress?
Stress is a response to things that require certain attention or action. Stress can cause physical, emotional, and psychological tension.
Stress usually arises when there is an imbalance in life, including a mismatch between expectations and reality.
When stress hits, the body will release the hormones adrenaline and cortisol. These two hormones can cause various reactions in the body, such as increased heart rate, digestive disorders, increased blood pressure, and blood sugar levels to changes in the nervous system. That’s why these two hormones are also called stress hormones.
Types of stress
In general, stress can have a positive effect on the body. However, if it occurs in excess, it can have a negative impact on health.
Several types of stress can occur, including:
This type of stress can occur suddenly and does not last long.
When experiencing acute stress, you may feel your emotional state slightly shaken. For example, when you suddenly have a fight with someone on the street or run into something you don’t like.
Chronic stress is long-term stress and tends to occur regularly. This type of stress can make you feel very tired if left unchecked. For example, stress due to a bad married life or a tiring job.
Chronic stress can stem from a traumatic experience or childhood trauma that continues to haunt into adulthood.
Chronic stress can cause various health problems, such as sleep disorders, headaches, cardiovascular disease, digestive disorders, anxiety disorders, to depression. Counseling may be needed to deal with depression and other dangers of stress.
Episodic acute stress
Episodic acute stress is a type of acute stress that continues to occur and can continue to create a life of constant stress.
Stressful and prolonged life can cause episodic acute stress.
Not all stress is bad, and eustress is a pleasant type of positive stress. This type of stress results from a surge of adrenaline and can keep you energized.
Eustress stress can arise when you are faced with a pleasant challenge. For example, eustress can occur when you are racing or skiing.
Eustress stress can help you be motivated, work toward your goals, and feel energized. That is why eustress is referred to as positive stress.
How to deal with stress
The way to deal with stress is to change your situation. This includes changing the way you respond to things that cause stress.
Find out what causes you to experience stress and how you deal with it
Before responding, try to take a few breaths to calm yourself down
Meet the nutritional needs and adequate body fluids
Regular exercise can increase the happy hormone
Get enough rest and sleep
Practice relaxation techniques, meditation, or breathing exercises
Making time for hobbies, such as reading, watching, or listening to music
Maintain healthy social relationships, whether with family, friends, or partners
Doing social activities by volunteering or joining the community
Organize and prioritize the things you need to do and accomplish, whether at home or work, avoiding or eliminating unnecessary things
The type of stress and coping methods to manage the stress that is appropriate for your condition
Avoid negative things to vent your stress, such as drinking alcohol or smoking
Stress, whether positive or negative, is a common thing in human life. Many things can cause stress, but you can also control yourself in responding to and dealing with things to avoid and deal with stress.